Chaldiran, Battle of
- (1514)At this important battle northeast of Lake Van, the Ottomans inflicted a crushing defeat upon the Safavid Persians. The resulting boundary established between the two was formalized by the Treaty of Zuhab in 1639 and has persisted into modern times. As a result, most Kurds lived within the boundaries of the Ottoman Empire, while the remainder lived within Persia. After the battle, pastoral nomadic Kurds increasingly began to join and even replace the indigenous Armenian agriculturist population on the plateau situated there.
Historical Dictionary of the Kurds. Michael M. Gunter.
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Chāldirān, Battle of — ▪ Turkey (Aug. 23, 1514), military engagement in which the Ottomans won a decisive victory over the Ṣafavids (Ṣafavid Dynasty) of Iran and went on to gain control of eastern Anatolia. In 1514 the Ottoman sultan Selim I launched a… … Universalium
Battle of Chaldiran — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Chaldiran campaign= caption= partof= date=23 August 1514 place=North west of Iran result=Ottoman victory combatant1= combatant2= commander1= Sultan Selim I commander2=Shah Ismail I… … Wikipedia
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Ottoman Empire — a former Turkish empire that was founded about 1300 by Osman and reached its greatest territorial extent under Suleiman in the 16th century; collapsed after World War I. Cap.: Constantinople. Also called Turkish Empire. * * * Former empire… … Universalium
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Iran — /i ran , i rahn , uy ran /, n. a republic in SW Asia. 67,540,002; ab. 635,000 sq. mi. (1,644,650 sq. km). Cap.: Teheran. Formerly (until 1935), Persia. * * * Iran Introduction Iran Background: Known as Persia until 1935, Iran became an Islamic… … Universalium
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Selim I — ▪ Ottoman sultan byname Yavuz (“The Grim”) born 1470, Amasya, Ottoman Empire [now in Turkey] died Sept. 22, 1520, Çorlu Ottoman sultan (1512–20) who extended the empire to Syria, the Hejaz, and Egypt and raised the Ottomans to leadership of… … Universalium
Ṣafavid dynasty — (1502–1736) Persian dynasty. It was founded by Ismāīl I, who, by converting his people from Sunnite to Shīʽite Islam and adopting the trappings of Persian monarchy, planted the seeds of a unique national and religious identity. He captured Tabrīz … Universalium